Monthly discussion LD FEB UI: Indonesia’s Maternal Mortality Rate is the Second Highest in Southeast Asia
DEPOK – (24/6/2022) Demography Institute FEB UI has a new program entitled population dynamics discussion with various themes held every month. This monthly discussion is expected to be a means to strengthen the network between stakeholders, population experts, and researchers. The second discussion session was held on Friday (24/6), with the theme “Challenges and Strategies for Reducing Maternal Mortality in Indonesia.”
This discussion aimed to delve deeper into the factors affecting Indonesia’s Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and its countermeasures. Dr. Abdillah Ahsan, the Head of the Demography Institute of FEB UI emphasized that this is important because although various health insurance programs have sprung up, these programs do not necessarily reduce MMR. The discussion forum moderated by Dr. Abdillah Ahsan, S.E., M.S.E., presented Yulia Noor Izati as Health Specialist from World Bank Indonesia.
At the beginning of the discussion, Yulia Noor Izati presented some data and facts related to the issue of maternal mortality rate globally. It started with the distribution of maternal mortality rates, where the distribution of maternal mortality rates almost entirely by 94% occurs in low-income and lower-middle-income countries. It is estimated that every day around 810 mothers die in pregnancy or childbirth due to several factors that can be prevented preventively.
WHO states that as much as 75% of maternal mortality is caused by complications of severe bleeding, post-saline related infections, high blood pressure/pre-eclampsia, labor complications, and unsafe abortions.
In the local context, Indonesia ranks second highest in Southeast Asia (after Laos) regarding maternal mortality. Several factors contribute to
Some of the factors that contribute to the high risk of maternal mortality include the low prevalence of contraceptives in the community, the number of deliveries more than four times, poverty, low population or number of hospitals, higher access to traditional birth attendants and difficult access to health services, and the number of doctors working in the nearest health service center.
Further recommendations given by Yulia related to efforts to alleviate maternal mortality rates are to improve the equality of readiness between regions in Indonesia, considering that the readiness of each region still varies, ensuring that health workers have the skills and motivation needed, the need to strengthen monitoring and accountability, strengthen program managerial capacity, pay attention to the suitability of clinical guidelines and their implementation (for example through accreditation that ensures puskesmas meet predetermined Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)).
For further information, please contact the contact person:
Finda Prafianti, S.Sos.
Corporate Secretary of Demography Institute FEB UI